Sumatra and Java’s strategic locations have long attracted traders and explorers from around the world, particularly medieval Arab traders. The first Arab historian to mention the islands was Zakariya Al Qazwiny, who wrote that “Jâwah,” located between China and India, was a source of sandalwood, lime, cloves, and Chinese medicine. One of the first Arab explorers to visit Indonesia was Ibn Battuta, who visited the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai in 1345 AD on his way from India to China after visiting Sri Lanka and other countries. As, according to Sartono Kartodirdjo, medieval travel records can be used as sources in historical studies, the surviving descriptions of Indonesia by Arab and Ottoman visitors should be more widely known among modern historians. This paper identifies several useful sources from the medieval period.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology|
|Issue number||3 Special Issue|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Arab Historian