Study of tyrosinase inhibitory activity and phytochemical screening of Cassia Fistula L. Leaves

Caroline Wijaya, Berna Elya, Arry Yanuar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate the phytochemical constituents and tyrosinase inhibitory activity of Cassia fistula leaves. Methods: A tyrosinase inhibitory activity assay was performed by measuring the decrease in the intensity of color suggestive of the inhibition of dopachrome formation resulting from the L-DOPA-tyrosinase reaction. Results: The test results showed that the tyrosinase inhibitory activity of the water fraction of C. fistula leaf extract had the highest IC50 value (152.031 µg/mL) among other fractions (n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol). An enzyme kinetic assay showed that the water fraction of C. fistula leaf extract inhibited tyrosinase with mixed-type inhibition. Phytochemical screening showed that the water fraction of C. fistula leaf extract contained alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, and tannins. Conclusion: The current study indicated that C. fistula leaves possess significant tyrosinase inhibitory activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-387
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Volume10
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Cassia fistula
  • L-DOPA
  • Phytochemical screening
  • Tyrosinase inhibitor

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