Study of the electical conductivity of oil palm fiber carbon

Nanik Indayaningsih, Anne Zulfia Syahrial,, Dedi Priadi, Sunit Hendrana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physical properties of carbon from natural fibers are strongly influenced by the conditions of carbonization process. Temperature carbonization process of natural fibers affects the structure and electrical properties of carbon. This research studied the influence of carbonization process to the electrical conductivity and the microstructure of carbon from oil palm fibers. Oil palm fiber carbonization process has been carried out at the temperature of 500°C and 900°C for 1 hour in the atmosphere of inert gas (nitrogen) and at a temperature of 1300°C performed using a Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). Structure of oil palm fiber carbon analyzed using XRD and SEM, electrical conductivity measurements carried out using LCR meter. XRD data analysis showed that the carbon structure is amorphous, and carbonization process up to 1300°C cause increase of the degree of crystallinity, that are 36.92%, 39.07% and 42.48% for 500°C, 900°C and 1300°C respectively. Increase of carbonization temperature also causes the electrical conductivity of carbon that are (3.3 ×10 -6) S/m - (4.8 ×10 -6) S/m for carbon 500°C, 1.29 S/m - 1.3 S/m for carbon 900°C, and (1.4 ×10) S/m - (1.7 ×10) S/m for carbon 1300°C.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research QiR 12
Pages137-142
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2011
Event12th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2011 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 4 Jul 20117 Jul 2011

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume277
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2011
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period4/07/117/07/11

Keywords

  • Carbon
  • Carbonization
  • Crystallinity
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Oil palm fiber

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Study of the electical conductivity of oil palm fiber carbon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this