Study of runway crosswind and tailwind potential for airport sustainability: A study of Soekarno Hatta airport, Cengkareng, Indonesia

W. Sardjono, Zulkarnain, H. Kusnoputranto, T. E.B. Soesilo, D. N. Utama, J. Sudirwan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Airport runway designs must consider wind climatology to reduce the potential for crosswind and tailwind events that can cause accidents and aircraft delays. The large potential of crosswind and tailwind on a runway at the airport is very detrimental to aircraft passengers and airlines. Therefore, it is necessary to know the potential of crosswind and tailwind on the runway of Soekarno Hatta Airport and find the right parameters for the approximate direction and speed of the wind on the airport runway. Analysis was carried out using the direction and wind speed data from the Soekarno Hatta meteorological station in 2007-2017 to determine the potential for crosswind and tailwind on the runway of Soekarno Hatta airport and run a Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) weather model to determine the parameterization of the right weather model for wind forecast at Soekarno Hatta airport. The highest maximum crosswind component in the 2007-2017 period occurred in August 30.53 knots, while the highest maximum tailwind of 25 knots occurred in January for a 250-degree runway and 24 knots occurred in August for a 070-degree runway. The potential for crosswind and tailwind is different every month. The scheme produces forecasts of wind direction and speed with a strong level of correlation with observations of wind direction and speed from the Soekarno Hatta meteorological station, the correlation value is 0.61. The most significant social impact of plane delays is time loss for passengers. While the economic impact on one of the crosswind events at Soekarno Hatta airport was an economic loss for one airline of US $ 43,392.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012012
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume729
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2021
Event2nd International Conference on Biospheric Harmony Advanced Research, ICOBAR 2020 - Jakarta, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Jun 202024 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • airport
  • crosswind potential
  • numerical weather prediction
  • runway
  • tailwind potential
  • wind irection
  • wind speed

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