Study of Majalaya carp (Cyprinus carpio Linn.) chromosome using chromosome image analyzing system

J. Jesaya, S. H.M. Aundi, W. Wardhana, A. Dwiranti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Majalaya carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is a widely spread strain of common carp in Indonesia. Although it is well-known and thus the cultivation data is comprehensive, the cytogenetical information has yet to be completed. This research aimed to analyze the chromosome number and size of the Majalaya carp from gills. Furthermore, the small size and the great number of C. carpio L. chromosome has been a problem to be solved in the chromosomal study. Thus, this study applied the Chromosome Image Analyzing System (CHIAS) for the first time to analyze the chromosome of Majalaya carp in Indonesia. Chromosomes were taken from the gills. Gills were subjected to the synchronization steps using colcemid, homogenized, hydrolyzed, fixed, and finally were stained by using Giemsa. The results showed that the number of Majalaya carp chromosomes were 2n=100∼102. In addition, the average length of the Majalaya carp chromosome (C. carpio) was 0.725 ± 0.287 μ m and the average width was 0.756 ± 0.297 μ m. Furthermore, by using CHIAS, the small size of the chromosome could still be arranged, suggesting the advantages of CHIAS for chromosome analysis. The chromosome information obtained in this study could be used as the basic data for further chromosome analysis. This study also suggested the application of CHIAS for chromosomal analysis of any other species.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020
Event5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Jul 201910 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2242
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period9/07/1910/07/19

Keywords

  • CHIAS
  • Chromosome
  • Cyprinus carpio
  • Majalaya carp

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