Study of Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thoms. Flower Development: Morphological Variations in an Urban Environment

I. A.M.R. Ramadhani, A. Salamah

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Cananga odorata is a native plant in the Indonesian archipelago. The flowers are often used to produce essential oils with many uses and a distinct fragrance. This study aims to observe each stage of the Cananga odorata flower development. The flowers were obtained from a home garden in Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta, from November 2020 until January 2021. Further observations of the stamen and pistil developments were conducted using Dino-Lite Edge Digital Microscope AM4115 Series. The results show that Cananga odorata flower development can be categorized into bud, display-petal, initial-flowering, full-flowering, end-flowering, and senescence stages. The flowers require 35 days to develop from bud stage to flower senescence. Stamens and pistils also develop primarily during the bud stages and mature after flower anthesis. Flower mutants were also found and may be caused by a mutation in the flower's homeotic genes. Each different stages of flower development show a different morphological change in the flower perianth and reproductive organs. A discrepancy of flower morphology within each stage, especially those seen during the anthesis stages, might imply a variation in the flower's internal factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012015
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2021
Event2nd International Symposium of Earth, Energy, Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, JEESD 2021 - Jakarta, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Sept 202126 Sept 2021


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