Study of aniline polymerization reactions through the particle size formation in acidic and neutral medium

Slamet Aribowo, Mas Ayu Elita Hafizah, Azwar Manaf, Andreas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present paper, we reported particle size kinetic studies on the conducting polyaniline (PANI) which synthesized through a chemical oxidative polymerization technique from aniline monomer. PANI was prepared using ammonium persulfate (APS) as oxidizing agent which carried out in acidic and neutral medium at various batch temperatures of respectively 20, 30 and 50 °C. From the studies, it was noticed that the complete polymerization reaction progressed within 480 minutes duration time. The pH of the solution during reaction kinetic reached values 0.8 - to 1.2 in acidic media, while in the neutral media the pH value reached values 3.8 - 4.9. The batch temperature controlled the polymerization reaction in which the reaction progressing, which followed by the temperature rise of solution above the batch temperature before settled down to the initial temperature. An increment in the batch temperature gave highest rise in the solution temperature for the two media which cannot be more than 50 °C. The final product of polymerization reaction was PANI confirmed by Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectrophotometer for molecule structure identification. The averages particle size of PANI which carried out in the two different media is evidently similar in the range 30 - 40 μm and insensitive to the batch temperature. However, the particle size of PANI which obtained from the polymerization reaction at a batch temperature of 50 °C under acidic condition reached ∼53.1 μm at the tip of the propagation stage which started in the first 5 minutes. The size is obviously being the largest among the batch temperatures. Whereas, under neutral condition the particle size is much larger which reached the size 135 μm at the batch temperature of 20 °C. It is concluded that the particle size formation during the polymerization reaction being one of the important parameter to determine particle growing of polymer which indicated the reaction kinetics mechanism of synthesize polyaniline.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2017
Subtitle of host publicationAdvancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future
EditorsMas Irfan P. Hidayat
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201731 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1945
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017
CountryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period30/10/1731/10/17

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Study of aniline polymerization reactions through the particle size formation in acidic and neutral medium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this