Study of alkalization to the crystallinity and the thermal behavior of arenga pinnata “ijuk” fibers-based polylactic acid (PLA) biocomposite

Mochamad Chalid, Evana Yuanita, Juniko Pratama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pollution due to non-degradable material such as plastics, has led to studies the development of environmental-friendly materials. Because of natural sources-based materials and their biodegradability, polylactid acid (PLA) and ijuk fiber are interesting to be modified as composite. In this study, Alkalinization of ijuk fiber, was aimed to enhance compatibility between ijuk fiber and PLA, in order to improve properties of the biocomposite such as crytallinity and thermal behavior. Characterizations were performed by FTIR to obtain compounds content of the ijuk fiber, DSC and TGA to investigate crytallinity behavior of the composite and FE-SEM to observe morphology of the composites. The experimental showed that alkalinization of the ijuk fiber led to wettability enhancement between the ijuk fiber and the PLA due to annihilating lignin and hemicellulose. This treatment also leads to expose micro-fibril cellulose (MFC) in the ijuk fiber, which enhances affinity of bonding with the PLA and PLA crystallinity in the composite.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Properties of Modern Materials
EditorsKuwat Triyana, Agustinus Agung Nugroho, Kuwat Triyana, Risdiana
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages326-331
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783038355472
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Event2nd International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2014 - Lombok, Indonesia
Duration: 12 Nov 201413 Nov 2014

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume827
ISSN (Print)0255-5476

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2014
CountryIndonesia
CityLombok
Period12/11/1413/11/14

Keywords

  • Alkalization
  • Arenga Pinnata
  • Compatibility
  • Crystallinity
  • PLA
  • Thermal stability

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    Chalid, M., Yuanita, E., & Pratama, J. (2015). Study of alkalization to the crystallinity and the thermal behavior of arenga pinnata “ijuk” fibers-based polylactic acid (PLA) biocomposite. In K. Triyana, A. A. Nugroho, K. Triyana, & Risdiana (Eds.), Functional Properties of Modern Materials (pp. 326-331). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 827). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.827.326