Studies on Reduction Characteristics of Limonite and Effect of Sodium Sulphate on The Selective Reduction to Nickel

F. Bahfie, A. Manaf, W. Astuti, F. Nurjaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The selective reduction process is the process to separate nickel and iron on limonite with the combination of magnetic separation. This process uses sodium sulphate as the additive and graphite as the reductant. The stoichiometry of reductant and the concentration of additive are the key for this process on the selective reduction to the nickel grade, recovery, and grain size of iron–nickel which has been investigated in the variation of graphite stoichiometry and Na2SO4. The samples were analysed by X-Ray diffraction, fluorescence, and the grain size was measured with an optical microscope. The optimum graphite stoichiometry and Na2SO4 dosage are in the 0.125 st and 10% Na2SO4, which produced a concentrate with nickel grade and recovery of 4.54 weight% and 89.12%. The grain size is being smaller than high level of stoichiometry, and Na2SO4 due to the amount of carbon and Na2SO4 excess in the process with the size 60.63 μ m.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series D
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Graphite stoichiometry
  • Limonite
  • Natrium sulphate
  • Selective reduction

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