Studi eksploratif tentang perawat puskesmas di Indonesia: Karakteristik, layanan, dan praktik mandiri

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Human resource for health is a critical component in health system strength-ening. Nurses have the most contribution to the number of health professionals in Indonesia, who provide service in all level of cares, including the community health centre (puskesmas).Methods. Data of 758 puskesmas and 6844 nurses in 16 provinces surveyed in the 5th wave of Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5) were included in the analysis. Nurses' char-acteristics and types of service provided were described and contrasted for urban and rural using a chi-square and independent t-test. Further, logistic regression model was developed to identify the potential associated factors with performing a private practice.Results. The pro-portion of nurses in rural areas who directly involved in pre-natal care, curative care for chil-dren, adults, and older people was higher than those in urban areas (p<0.05). Further, ap-proximately 17% of nurses had a private practice in their working area. Male nurses, those who had longer working period, working for less than 24 hours per week in puskesmas, work-ing in rural areas, and in a puskesmas with wider working areas, had a higher odd to perform a private practice (p<0.001). Conclusion. A higher proportion of nurses who directly provide service for pre-natal care, curative care for children, adults, and older people in rural areas, indicates a higher requirement for nurses working in the rural areas compared to their coun-terparts in urban areas.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)123-131
JournalJurnal Riset Kesehatan Nasional
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • nurse, puskesmas, primary health care, private practice, Indonesia

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