In this study, we determined the atomic composition, microstructure, crystallography, magnetisation, thermal, and dielectric properties of a double perovskite Sr2FeMnO6 system synthesised using sol–gel and sintering methods. X-ray fluorescence confirms the atomic composition of the Sr2FeMnO6 system. Scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analyses reveal nonuniform grain distribution, with an average grain size of approximately 2.12 µm. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms that the Sr2FeMnO6 crystallised as a double-perovskite structure with a cubic cell belonging to Fm3m (225) symmetry. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra of Fe 2p and Mn 2p core levels confirm the mixed chemical ionic states of Fe (Fe3+ and Fe4+) and Mn (Mn3+ and Mn4+) in the Sr2FeMnO6 system. O 1 s XPS spectra reveal oxygen existing in the form of lattice oxygen and oxygen vacancies while Sr is presented as Sr2+. The Raman phonon modes confirm phase purity and Fe/MnO6 octahedral vibration of the system. The Sr2FeMnO6 system exhibits a ferrimagnetic nature with a remnant magnetisation value of approximately 0.11 µB/f.u. Differential scanning calorimetry reveals a heat-flow peak temperature of 862.1 °C, which possibly corresponds to a magnetic transition temperature. Finally, the temperature-dependent dielectric constant confirms the existence of a ferroelectric–paraelectric transition at 528 K. Dielectric relaxation behaviour, with an activation energy of approximately 1.93 eV, is observed and is caused by the thermal motion of double ionised oxygen vacancies.
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2022|
- Cubic symmetry
- Electrical transition