Structural and morphological characterization of cuprate superconductor La 2-x Sr x CuO 4 (x=0 and x=0.07) synthesized by sol-gel method

M. A. Nillasari, B. Kurniawan

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The La 2-x Sr x CuO 4 materials with x=0 and x=0.07 were prepared by sol-gel method. These materials are the family of cuprate superconductor. These samples were heated three times by drying at 120°C for 2 hours, calcining at 500°C for 5 hours, and sintering at 700°C for 15 hours. The powder sample was pressed and compacted to be a bulk samples. These materials were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) to study the structure of materials and Scanning Electron Microscopy - Electron Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) to study morphology and confirm the composition of materials. The results of XRD and High-Score application showed that the structure of both samples is orthorhombic (Cmca/64 space group). The substitution of Sr 2+ ion with x = 0.07 to the La site did not change the crystal structure of material but it showed the variation of lattice parameter and unit cell volume. The variation indicated a decreasing of unit cell volume by substituting Sr 2+ ion to La site. SEM-EDS characterization showed that both samples have homogeneity and confirmed that Sr 2+ ion has successfully substituted to La site for La 1.93 Sr 0.07 CuO 4 material. It also revealed that composition of both samples is similar to the stoichiometry calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012060
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2019
EventUNNES Physics International Symposium 2018, UPIS2018 - Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Duration: 3 May 2018 → …

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