State intervention and farmer creativity: Integrated pest management among rice farmers in Subang, West Java

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 1989 National Integrated Pest Management Program in Indonesia is a case of a breakthrough in national policy to enhance the ecological balance by conserving natural enemies and diminishing the indiscriminate use of pesticides in the protection of food crops. The Program provided training to agricultural officials and farmers to shift their perspectives in pesticide use through "knowledge transmission" rather than the transferal of "technological packages." This paper examines how farmers, with the novel understanding they had, responded to the persisting top-down policy of the "complete credit packages" from the government rice intensification agencies and the recurrent outbreak of pests in 1990-1992. IPM knowledge and training provided initial understanding of, and the stimulus to discover, unknown phenomena on the basis of which farmers improved their knowledge and learning capacity. Constraints largely came from the inflexibility of the subsidized scheme of inputs and the inadequate explanation and extension services provided to farmers

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalAgriculture and Human Values
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1995

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