Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae prevalence among elderly adults in Jakarta, Indonesia

Dodi Safari, Kuntjoro Harimurti, Miftahuddin Majid Khoeri, Lia Waslia, Siti Mudaliana, Hanun Qurrota A’yun, Regina Angeline, Decy Subekti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage among elderly adults in Jakarta, Indonesia. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 149 adults aged 60-97 years. Both S. aureus and S. pneumoniae were identified by conventional and molecular methods. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSRA) was determined by PCR and antibiotic susceptibility using the disk diffusion method. Pneumococcal serotyping was performed with sequential multiplex PCR. We found S. aureus and S. pneumoniae present in 42 and 4 elderly adults respectively, and MRSA prevalence of 6%. Serotypes 3, 6A/B, 15B/C and 35F were identified among the four pneumococcal isolates. The majority of S. aureus isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol (93%) and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (93%), followed by gentamicin (88%), erythromycin (83%), penicillin (79%) and tetracycline (74%). Thus S. aureus prevalence is higher than that of S. pneumoniae, and a high frequency of MRSA carried by elderly adults in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Volume46
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Carriage
  • Elderly adult
  • Indonesia
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae

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