Spleen‐cell reactivity against transplanted neurogenic rat tumors induced by ethylnitrosourea: Uncovering of tumor specificity after removal of complement‐receptor‐bearing lymphocytes

Santoso Cornain, Claude Carnaud, David Silverman, Eva Klein, Manfred F. Rajewsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spleen cells from BDIX‐rats bearing either GVIAI‐tumor (a syngeneic mixed glioma) or NVI Ac‐tumor (a cloned syngeneic neurinoma of the peripheral nervous system) were cytotoxic to both tumor cells in vitro. However, the tumors displayed individually distinct antigenic specificities by in vivo rejection tests. Their in vitro cross‐reactivity disappeared when a particular subpopulation of the spleen cells was used. The procedure of lymphocyte purification included three consecutive steps: treatment with carbonyl iron and magnetism, passage through a nylon wool column, and finally removal of complement receptor‐bearing cells present in the colum‐excluded population. Cross‐reactivity between the syngeneic tumors persisted after the first two steps of lymphocyte purification. In contrast, specific cytotoxic reactions were observed against each individual tumor subsequent to the removal of the remaining C3 receptorpositive but surface Ig‐negative cells. While killer cells were present in normal spleen‐cell populations, these were almost completely eliminated by passage through the nylon wool column.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-311
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1975

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