Spillover effects of investment in Early Childhood Education and Development (ECED) centers: evidence from Indonesia

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Abstract

This paper estimates spillover effects of investing in new early childhood education centers on the outcomes of children that did not attend those centers. I find positive and economically significant spillover effects in the EDI domain of communication skills and general knowledge. Furthermore, never-enrolled children have also experienced an improvement in physical health and well-being. There is no evidence of significant effects on parenting practices and reduction in behavioral problems. The evidence suggests that spillovers are driven by individual interactions instead of interaction between centers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEducation Economics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • causal effects
  • Early Childhood Education and Development
  • interference
  • spillover

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