Special and differential treatment in the millennium: Special for whom and how different?

M. Pangestu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


In the preparations leading up to Seattle, developing countries have emphasised the need for full implementation of the results of the Uruguay Round in areas of their interest before they would consider a new round of negotiations and the new commitments that would entail. Developing countries' interests include the application of special and differential treatment (SDT) for developing countries, technical assistance to help developing countries implement the WTO agreements and to be able to take advantage of dispute settlement mechanisms, the application of anti-dumping and safeguard measures, problems of the least developed countries, and the faithful elimination of MFA textile quotas by 2005. The paper begins with two sections which briefly review the history of SDT in the multilateral trading system to understand the way it has been conceived, how the provisions have evolved, and the effectiveness of SDT over time. The period of review is from the inception of SDT up to the SDT provisions in the WTO agreements. A number of recent papers have dealt with such a review, and a summary of the salient points is presented. The review is intended to be the basis for a final section which evaluates a number of possible alternative approaches towards a better and more consistent framework for SDT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1302
Number of pages18
JournalWorld Economy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000


Dive into the research topics of 'Special and differential treatment in the millennium: Special for whom and how different?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this