Spatial Distance and Mode of Transportation Choices in Jabodetabek Metropolitan Area: A Sakernas 2017 Micro-Data Analysis on Commuting Pattern of Workers

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Abstract

The growth of Jabodetabek (Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi) Metropolitan Areas raises several problems including the occurrence of traffic congestion in various parts of the metropolitan area. This congestion occurs partly because of the increasing number and use of private vehicles, especially by workers who commute mobility within the Jabodetabek metropolitan areas. The pattern of movement from the place of residence to the place of work in the metropolitan area is also a factor causing congestion. The purpose of this study is to find out the extent to which the distance factor measured by geographical distance and the proximity of the area between the place of residence and place of work has an impact on the preference for the use of transportation modes by workers who are commuting. In accordance with the availability of data in the Sakernas 2017 (National Labor Force Survey 2017) Micro Data, the transportation mode preference consists of two choices: public transportation mode or private transportation mode. The Sakernas 2017 micro data analysis was conducted with descriptive analysis (cross tabulation) and inferential analysis (Binary Logit Regression). The analysis shows that the probability of using public transportation tends to be used by workers whose travel distance is longer (above 10 km), in areas that do not directly border between residence and workplace, female workers, young workers, workers with education Junior high school and below,and workers who work in the agricultural sector. Urban managers covering the Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area should continue to disseminate and promote the importance of using public transportation in travel from place of residence to place of work to reduce traffic congestion and urban air pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012021
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume436
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2020
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering, Management and Sciences 2019, ICSDEMS 2019 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Oct 201917 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Binary Logit Model
  • Cross Tabulation
  • Metropolitan Areas
  • Spatial Distance
  • Transportation Mode

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