Spatial Analysis of The Influence of Education And Income on Indonesia's Democracy Index In 2015 And 2019

Fauzan Zahid Abiduloh, Chotib Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This research discusses the spatial effects of education and income influences on the 2015 and 2019 Democracy Index of Indonesia. The income variable used is Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) per capita, and the education variable used is the average year of schooling. All of the data are collected from the website of the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics, namely www.bps.go.id. Using spatial econometrics, researchers found that the distribution of the democratic index value in each province forms a group spatial systemic pattern. Provinces with high democracy index scores tend to be surrounded by provinces that have high democracy index scores, while provinces with low democracy index scores tend to be surrounded by provinces that have low democracy index scores. Researchers also found a spatial dependence on the influence of education and income on the index of democracy in neighboring provinces. Thus, it can be concluded that the quality of democracy in a province is not only caused by the level of education and income in the province, but also by its neighboring provinces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-34
Journalijd-demos
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • indonesia’s democracy index
  • education
  • income
  • spatial econometrics

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