SnO2-coated LiCoO2 cathode material for high-voltage applications in lithium-ion batteries

Chairul Hudaya, Ji Hun Park, Joong Kee Lee, Wonchang Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to improve the electrochemical performances of LiCoO2 cathode in high voltage cycling range (3.0-4.5 V), SnO2 thin film has been deposited on the surface of electrode material by an electron cyclotron resonance-metal organic chemical vapor deposition (ECR-MOCVD). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirm the presence of SnO2 thin layers on the tape-casted electrode composed of nanocrystalline structure with agglomerated grain size ranging from 30 to 40 nm. The electrochemical tests show that the SnO2 coating layer significantly enhances the cycling performance of LiCoO2 cathode material. While the bare LiCoO2 cell does not work after 370 cycles, the surface-modified electrode exhibits the extended performance over 500 cycles with excellent capacity retention. In addition, it is also observed that SnO2 coating material is able to amplify the initial discharge capacity of bare LiCoO2 from 172 to183 mAhg- 1 at 1 C and effectively increase the coulombic efficiency of pristine LiCoO2 cathode. We conclude that these electrochemical improvements are strongly due to the suppression of charge transfer resistance and prevention of side reactions during the charge/discharge process via surface coating of electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-92
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume256
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • High-voltage cycling
  • Lithium cobalt oxide
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Thin film coating
  • Tin oxide

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