Smoke-free zone in indonesia: Who is doing what now

Wahyu Sulistiadi, Meita Veruswati, Al Asyary, Maria Holly Herawati, Ririn Arminsih Wulandari, Budi Haryanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Although all environments whom applied smoke-free zones (SFZs) have sufficient compliance rate (over 80%) in Indonesia particularly in Bogor City, it is still unclear who is doing what now on SFZs activities to assess the effectivity and efficiency of this tobacco control program. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to present the evidence of tobacco control on SFZs programs and activities of these zones based on the several indicators set by the local government’s regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review was held to observe the SFZs local regulation archives. Data were derived from secondary sources and observation data of law enforcement teams’ generic activities and programs in Bogor City in the Province of Jawa Barat, Indonesia. RESULTS: There were eight (eight) zones designated as SFZs according to the local regulation, namely: (1) Public places, (2) workplaces, (3) places of worship, (4) children’s playgrounds and/or other gathering places, (5) public transportation, (6) teaching and learning environments, (7) health facilities, and (8) sports facilities. It resulted that 55% of these zones still uncomplied to SFZs regulation. It is still a tobacco control homework in Indonesia while it is remembering that Indonesia has the only largest country of six developing countries that have not ratified Framework Convention on Tobacco Control of the World Health Organization. CONCLUSION: The role of the SFZs’ enforcement team is crucial and consists of relevant stakeholders to optimize activities and programs of SFZs regulations with clear targeting, rewards, and punishments. However, further studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of non-smoking areas specifically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-324
Number of pages3
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue numberE
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Environmental health
  • Government regulation
  • Social control policies
  • Tobacco use


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