Smoke-free home initiative in Bantul, Indonesia:Development and preliminary evaluation

Heni Trisnowati, Dian Kusuma, Abdillah Ahsan, Dwi E. Kurniasih, Retna S. Padmawati

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4 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION Tobacco control policies in Indonesia are still limited. This study aims to describe the process of the implementation of the smokefree home (SFH) program in rural areas in Indonesia and to conduct a preliminary evaluation of its implementation. METHODS The development of SFH (or Rumah Bebas Asap Rokok) applies the theory of diffusion of innovation with the following stages: innovation, dissemination, adoption, implementation, and evaluation. The preliminary evaluation of the SFH program used an observational method combined with a cross-sectional survey. The population of this study was all houses in Karet hamlet, in Bantul district, Yogyakarta province with 378 houses as population, from which 196 houses were selected as sample using the proportional random sampling technique. Quantitative data analysis used multiple linear regression in Stata 15.1. RESULTS SFH is a community-based tobacco control innovation program that began with a community declaration. Preliminary evaluation after one-year implementation showed that 55% and 45% of respondents were smokers and non-smokers, respectively. Among smokers, 95%, 78% and 56% reported not smoking near pregnant women, children, and nonsmokers, respectively. Moreover, 52% of respondents reported having a front-door ashtray, and 46% reported guests not smoking; among nonsmokers, the corresponding values were 56% and 60%. CONCLUSIONS SFH implementation has an impact on the community’s smoking pattern. Awareness of smokers to protect women and children from secondhand smoke is very high.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalTobacco Prevention and Cessation
Issue numberNovember
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Preliminary evaluation
  • Rural area
  • Secondhand smoke
  • Smoke-free environment
  • Smoke-free home


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