Sleep Disturbance in the Context of HIV: A Concept Analysis

Hening Pujasari, Min Huey Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the differing definitions of the concept of sleep disturbance among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), reviewers in this area have not reached any firm conclusions. The study aimed to clarify and provide a stronger foundation for the definition of sleep disturbance in the context of HIV to enhance the concept’s development. Following Beth Rodgers’ concept analysis guidelines, two leading databases were searched, and 73 articles were used for this concept analysis. The attributes, surrogate terms, antecedents, and consequences of sleep disturbance have been identified using thematic analysis. In this analysis, two main attributes of sleep disturbance in the context of HIV were identified: a) subjective measures, including reduced total sleep time, difficulty falling asleep, nighttime and early morning awakenings, feeling sleepy and poorly rested after a night’s sleep, frequent arousals, and irritability, and b) objective measures, including changes in sleep architecture and sleep continuity. Five antecedents of sleep disturbance in the context of HIV were identified. Meanwhile, the consequences of sleep disturbance in HIV are listed based on the frequency the points occur within the reviewed articles. The list is as follows: fatigue and pain; reduced neurocognitive functions; reduced health outcome and quality of life; poor anti-retroviral (ARV) therapy adherence; daytime sleepiness; depression, anxiety, and maladaptive coping; increased disease progression and cardiovascular mortality; and social phobia, living arrangement and sexual dysfunction. An improved understanding of sleep disturbance in the context of HIV will be beneficial in directing analysts to develop research plans. At the same time, the knowledge gaps identified in the analysis provided a solid basis for further study intending to fill in these gaps.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAGE Open Nursing
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • concept analysis
  • HIV
  • insomnia
  • sleep disturbance


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