Simple recipe to synthesize BaTiO3-BaFe12O19 nanocomposite bulk system with high magnetization

Dwita Suastiyanti, Bambang Soegijono, Muh Hikam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Barium titanate BaTiO3 (BTO) - barium hexaferrite BaFe12O19 (BHF) nanocomposite could be as a raw material of multiferroic. Multiferroic is a class of materials with coupled electric, magnetic and structural order parameters that yield simultaneous effects of ferroelectric, ferromagnetism and ferroelasticity in the same material. This material has potential applications in such as spintronic devices and sensors. This work was an earlier research towards formation of multiferroic material. Knowing magnetic properties that will lead to a better understanding of magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic material is the objective of this research.The samples were BTO and BHF prepared by sol-gel and then were mixed to synthesize composite in bulk system by a conventional techniques in various of weight fraction between BTO: BHF = 1:1; 1:2 and 1:3, then samples were sintered at 925°C for 5, 10 and 15 hours for each fraction respectively. Composite phase study was carried out using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). MPS Magnet - Physik EP3 - Permagraph L was used to characterize magnetic properties. No residual phases were identified in the XRD analysis for all parameters. The peaks can be only indexed to BaTiO3 and BaFe12O19 phases for all parameters respectively confirming the formation of a BaTiO3-BaFe12O19 composite system. Barium titanate retains its tetragonal structure while barium hexaferrite exhibits hexagonal structure. For weight fraction of BaFe12O19 until 2 parts there is an increase of intrinsic coersive and saturation magnetization value. The maximum values of intrinsic coersive for samples with 5, 10 and 15 hours sintering are of 361.3 kA/m, 359.0 kA/m and 391.6 kA/m respectively and the maximum values of saturation are of 0.1515 T, 0.1516 T and 0.1414 T respectively leading to good characteristics of multiferroic materials.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Applied Mechanics and Materials
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2014
EventInternational Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICOME 2013 - Mataram, Lombok, Indonesia
Duration: 19 Sep 201321 Sep 2013

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482


ConferenceInternational Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICOME 2013
CityMataram, Lombok


  • Magnetic properties
  • Multiferroic material
  • Nanocomposite
  • Sol-gel
  • Weight fraction


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