Volatile organic compounds, e.g. formaldehyde, could pollute the indoor and outdoor air. Activated carbon (AC) is most widely used adsorbent for removal of this pollutant. In this work, an adsorbent made of silver nano-particles attached onto bamboo-based activated carbon (Ag-AC) was prepared. The adsorbent was characterized by FESEM, TEM, SEM-EDX, BET, and XRD. FESEM images showed that Ag-AC has less pores than the AC, indicating that the silver nano-particles were deposited on the pore structures of AC. TEM image showed that the silver nano-particles were well distributed on the bamboo-based activated carbon. The SEM-EDX results confirmed the presence of silver on Ag-AC, whereas the BET specific surface area measurements indicated that the nanoparticle deposits reduced the available surface area of the activated carbon. The adsorption experiments were conducted in a continuous fixed-bed column. The effect of different influent flow rates and initial concentrations of formaldehyde were studied. The Ag-AC adsorbent exhibited much longer breakthrough times during column tests than AC at the same flow rate. The mass of formaldehyde removed by the Ag-AC column was 2.36 times greater than that observed in the AC column. The experimental breakthrough data agreed within 5% with the predictions of Thomas and Yoon-Nelson models.
- Activated carbon
- Silver nano-particles