Introduction: Short interpregnancy interval (<2 years) can impair the process of anatomical and physiological recovery and can cause negative outcome in the next pregnancy, such as anemia, which is one of the leading cause of maternal death. This study aims to investigate the effect of short interpregnancy interval as a risk factor for anemia in pregnancy. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted by using data from medical records of patients who did their antenatal care in Duren Sawit District Community Health Center during 2014–2016, with a total data of 468 patients. Data collected includes maternal age, occupation, education, interpregnancy interval, and anemia, and were analyzed by using SPSS 16 with a bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Out of the total of 468 patients, 17.7% have a short interpregnancy interval and 21.4% have anemia. From bivariate analysis, there is a significant association (p = 0.046) between the short interpregnancy interval and the number of anemia in pregnancy [OR: 1.782 (CI 95%: 1.046–3.034)]. Conclusion: Short interpregnancy interval is an independent risk factor for anemia. It was thought to be related with maternal depletion theory and the increasing risk of bleeding in pregnancy.
- Short interpregnancy interval