Shining the light on clinical application of mesenchymal stem cell therapy in autoimmune diseases

Saade Abdalkareem Jasim, Alexei Valerievich Yumashev, Walid Kamal Abdelbasset, Ria Margiana, Alexander Markov, Wanich Suksatan, Benjamin Pineda, Lakshmi Thangavelu, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The autoimmune diseases are associated with the host immune system, chronic inflammation, and immune reaction against self-antigens, which leads to the injury and failure of several tissues. The onset of autoimmune diseases is related to unbalanced immune homeostasis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells which have capability to self-renew and differentiate into various cell types that exert a critical role in immunomodulation and regenerative therapy. Under the certain condition in vitro, MSCs are able to differentiate into multiple lineage such as osteoblasts, adipocytes, and neuron-like cells. Consequently, MSCs have a valuable application in cell treatment. Accordingly, in this review we present the last observations of researches on different MSCs and their efficiency and feasibility in the clinical treatment of several autoimmune disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune liver disease, and Sjogren’s syndrome. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number101
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Clinical application
  • Mesenchymal stromal cell
  • Stem cell therapy

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