Seroprevalence of antibodies against SARSCov- 2 in the high impacted sub-district in Jakarta, Indonesia

Olivia Herlinda, Adrianna Bella, Gita Kusnadi, Dimitri Swasthika Nurshadrina, Mochamad Thoriq Akbar, Sofwatun Nida, Ngabila Salama, Iwan Ariawan, Diah Saminarsih

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background Understanding the actual prevalence of COVID-19 transmission in the community is vital for strategic responses to the pandemic. This study aims to estimate the actual infection of COVID-19 through a seroprevalence survey and to predict infection fatality rate (IFR) in Tanjung Priok, the hardest-hit sub-district by the COVID-19 in Jakarta, Indonesia. Methods We conducted a venous blood sampling (phlebotomy) to 3,196 individuals in Tanjung Priok between Nov 23, 2020, and Feb 19, 2021 to detect their antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Using an enumerator-administered questionnaire, we collected data on the respondents' demographic characteristics, COVID-19 test history, COVID-19 symptoms in the last 14 days, comorbidities, and protective behaviours during the last month. We employed descriptive analysis to estimate the seroprevalence and IFR. Findings The prevalence of Antibody against SARS-CoV-2 was 28.52% (95% CI 25.44-31.81%), with the result being higher in females than males (OR 1.20; 95% CI 1.02-1.42). By the end of the data collection (February 9, 2021), the cumulative cases of COVID-19 in Tanjung Priok were reported to be experienced by 9,861 people (2.4%). Those aged 45-65 were more likely to be seropositive than 15-19 years old (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.05-1.92). Nearly one third (31%) of the subjects who developed at least one COVID-19 symptom in the last 14 days of the data collection were seropositive. The estimated IFR was 0.08% (95% CI 0.07-0.09), with a higher figure recorded in males (0.09; 95% CI 0.08-0.10) than females (0.07; 95% CI 0.06-0.08), and oldest age group (45-65) (0.21; 95% CI 0.18-0.23) than other younger groups. Conclusion An under-reporting issue was found between the estimated COVID-19 seroprevalence and the reported cumulative cases in Tanjung Priok. More efforts are required to amplify epidemiological surveillance by the provincial and local governments.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0261931
JournalPloS one
Issue number12 December
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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