Self-confidence in conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations among general psychiatrists in Indonesia

Natalia Widiasih Raharjanti, Agus Purwadianto, Diantha Soemantri, Saptawati Bardosono, Marlina S. Mahajudin, Elizabeth K. Poerwandari, Monika Kristi Levania, Humbert Mardongan Tua Sorimangaraja Silalahi, Putu Trahinari Satvika Rumthi, Timotius Kevin P. Manulang, Adhitya Sigit Ramadianto, Tjhin Wiguna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Several general psychiatrists experience lack of confidence when they perform forensic psychiatric evaluations that may be due to limited or insufficient training. This study aimed to determine whether structured forensic psychiatry educational modules are associated with general psychiatrists’ self-confidence in conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations in Indonesia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 246 general psychiatrists. A questionnaire was developed exclusively for this study by a group of experts based on relevant references and it was distributed online. Sample questions included: “How often do you perform forensic psychiatric evaluations?”, “As a general psychiatrist, are you confident in conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations?”, and “Do you experience any difficulties when conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations?” Data were analyzed through SPSS 20 for Windows; a p-value <0.05 indicated statistical significance. Results: Compared to general psychiatrists who did not study structured forensic psychiatry educational modules during their residency training, those exposed to such modules reported confidence in conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations in the following cases: insanity defense in cases of violence, insanity defense, fitness to stand trial, malingering, capacity to consent to treatment, risk of recidivism, guardianship, and parenting capacity. Furthermore, those with higher self-confidence were less likely to experience difficulties in conducting forensic psychiatric evaluations. Conclusion: Structured forensic psychiatry educational modules during general psychiatry residency training played an important role in the development of psychiatrists’ self-confidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere08045
JournalHeliyon
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Forensic psychiatry module
  • Indonesia
  • Psychiatric evaluation
  • Self-confidence

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