Scoliocorrector Fatma-UI for correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Development, effectivity, safety and functional outcome

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BACKGROUND Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis remains a major problem due to its high incidence, high risk, and high cost. One of the aims of the management in scoliosis is to correct the deformity. Many techniques are available to correct scoliosis deformity; however, they are all far from ideal to achieve three-dimensional correction in scoliosis. AIM To develop a set of tools named Scoliocorrector Fatma-UI (SCFUI) to aid threedimensional correction and to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and functional outcome. METHODS This study consists of two stages. In the first stage, we developed the SCFUI and tested it in finite element and biomechanical tests. The second stage was a single-blinded randomized clinical trial to evaluate the SCFUI compared to direct vertebral rotation (DVR). Forty-four subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomly allocated into the DVR group (n = 23) and SCFUI group (n = 21). Radiological, neurological, and functional outcome was compared between the groups. RESULTS Finite element revealed the maximum stress of the SCFUI components to be between 31.2 - 252 MPa. Biomechanical analysis revealed the modulus elasticity of SCFUI was 9561324 ± 633277 MPa. Both groups showed improvement in Cobb angle and sagittal profile, however the rotation angle was lower in the SCFUI group (11.59 ± 7.46 vs 18.23 ± 6.39, P = 0.001). Neurological and functional outcome were comparable in both groups. CONCLUSION We concluded that SCFUI developed in this study resulted in similar coronal and sagittal but better rotational correction compared to DVR. The safety and functional outcomes were also similar to DVR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-72
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Journal of Orthopedics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Direct vertebral rotation
  • Posteromedial translation
  • Scoliocorrector Fatma-UI
  • Scoliosis surgery


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