Scheduling nurses' shifts at PGI Cikini Hospital

J. C.T. Nainggolan, R. D. Kusumastuti

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Hospitals play an essential role in the community by providing medical services to the public. In order to provide high quality medical services, hospitals must manage their resources (including nurses) effectively and efficiently. Scheduling of nurses' work shifts, in particular, is crucial, and must be conducted carefully to ensure availability and fairness. This research discusses the job scheduling system for nurses in PGI Cikini Hospital, Jakarta with Goal Programming approach. The research objectives are to identify nurse scheduling criteria and find the best schedule that can meet the criteria. The model has hospital regulations (including government regulations) as hard constraints, and nurses' preferences as soft constraints. We gather primary data (hospital regulations and nurses' preferences) through interviews with three Head Nurses and distributing questionnaires to fifty nurses. The results show that on the best schedule, all hard constraints can be satisfied. However, only two out of four soft constraints are satisfied. Compared to current scheduling practice, the resulting schedule ensures the availability of nurses as it satisfies all hospital's regulations and it has a higher level of fairness as it can accommodate some of the nurses' preferences.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012039
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2018
EventIndonesian Operations Research Association - International Conference on Operations Research 2017, IORA-ICOR 2017 - Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia
Duration: 12 Oct 201712 Oct 2017


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