Safety profile of inactivated COVID-19 in healthy adults aged ≥ 18 years: A passive surveillance in Indonesia

Nastiti Kaswandani, Bernie Endyarni Medise, Elcha Leonard, Hindra Irawan Satari, Julitasari Sundoro, Sri Rezeki Harun Hadinegoro, Ade Putra, Putra Fajar Angkasa

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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination in Indonesia has shown effectiveness in reducing the morbidity and mortality of Covid-19. The study aims to evaluate the incidence rate and severity of Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) of inactivated SARSCoV- 2 vaccine during the first quarter of 2021 until the second quarter of 2022 in Indonesia. More than two hundred million Sinovac/CoronaVac were given from January 13th, 2021, until June 30th, 2022. Data for this study were collected manually and electronically from the national vaccine safety website managed by the National Committee (NC) of AEFI Indonesia and the Ministry of Health Indonesia. The total number of injections observed in the study was 264,311,992 doses consisting of 142,449,795 (first dose), 121,613,324 (second dose), and 248,873 (booster dose). Of the injections given, 301 subjects with Serious AEFIs (SAE) and 10.261 subjects with non-serious AEFIs (AE) reported, with a majority of SAE and AEs found in the first dose. Most of the SAEs were classified as coincidental events by the NC AEFI (IR 0.8/1 million doses on first dose injection; 0.31 on second dose injection). ISRR (immunization stress-related response) is in the second rank of SAEs reported (0.59 IR/1 million doses on the first dose; 0.14 on the second dose). The incidence rate of SAEs and AEs, both in the variable of age, sex, and symptoms per 1 million dose injections in Indonesia, was very rare according to WHO guidelines. Most SAEs were classified as coincidences or unrelated to the vaccine. The result showed that the Sinovac/CoronaVac in Indonesia is safe.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0286484
JournalPloS one
Issue number10 10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


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