Safety and Fatigue Risk Factors among Online Motorcycle Drivers in Depok City, Indonesia

Tiara Nurhafizhah, Indri Hapsari Susilowati, Akbar Maulana, Muhammad Fitrah Habibullah

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


In Indonesia, the motorcycle is often the first choice for transportation, and has been especially popular as a taxi service since the creation of an online request system, known as Ojek Online. Unfortunately, this online employment has less engagement than traditional taxi companies and other public transportation companies in research area that can give guarantee for ensuring their drivers' safety and health. Many drivers are exposed to uncontrolled risks. Our research concerns drivers' health and safety factors. The goal is to determine which factors most affect a drivers' actions and safety. This study utilises both qualitative and quantitative research. Our qualitative research gathers in-depth health complaints made by drivers, especially in regard to their musculoskeletal symptoms. Our quantitative research focuses on other aspects that affect their ability to drive safely, such as their durations of rest, bad driving habits and work hours. The sampling method used in this research could be used to represent the entirety of the drivers’ health and safety factors. The respondents in this research come from Depok, Bekasi, Bogor and Tangerang. The randomly sampled respondents agreed to answer the questions by themselves. The number of our respondents is 70. Our study found that the most influential factor affecting safe driving ability is fatigue. The results show that 62.85 percent of respondents experience fatigue while driving. Further, the data shows an imbalance among drivers in regard to age, work hours, total distance driven and rest time. Drivers' bad habits also negatively impact the safety of the rider. The most reported health effect was musculoskeletal symptoms in the lower part of the drivers' back. The second most reported health effect was in regard to the drivers' buttocks and wrists. The results of this research show that musculoskeletal disorders and fatigue affect the drivers' condition, which can negatively impact drivers' and customers' safety.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017) - ID, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2018 → …


ConferenceInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017)
Period1/01/18 → …


  • Fatigue, musculoskeletal symptoms, safety, online motorcycle drivers.


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