Role of Indices Incorporating Power, Force and Time in AF Ablation: A Systematic Review of Literature

Thirakan Rattanakosit, Kyle Franke, Dian Andina Munawar, Amanda J. Page, Mark A. Boyd, Dennis H. Lau, Rajiv Mahajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Successful pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) depends on the formation of durable transmural lesions. Recently, novel indices have emerged to guide lesion delivery. The aim of the systematic review of literature was to determine AF recurrence following ablation guided by indices incorporating force, power and time, and compare acute procedural outcomes and 12-month AF recurrence with ablation guided by contact force (CF) guided only. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science Core Collection databases were searched on 27 January 2020 using the keywords; catheter ablation, ablation index (AI), lesion size index (LSI), contact force, atrial fibrillation. Results: After exclusions, seven studies were included in the analysis. AI-guided catheter ablation was associated with a 91% (n=5, 0.91 95% CI; 0.88–0.93) and 80% (n=5, 0.80, 95% CI; 0.77–0.84) freedom from AF at 12 months with and without the use of anti-arhythmic drugs respectively. As compared to CF guided ablation, AI-guided catheter ablation was associated with a 49% increase in successful first pass isolation (n=3; RR: 1.49, 95% CI; 1.38, 1.61), a 50% decrease in number of acute reconnections (n=4; RR: 0.50, 95% CI; 0.39–0.65) and a 22% (n=4, RR: 1.22, 95% CI; 1.10–1.35) increase in AF freedom without anti-arrhythmic drugs at 12 months. Conclusions: Radiofrequency ablation guided by AI was associated with higher successful first pass isolation and lower rates of acute reconnection which translates to greater freedom from AF at 12 months [CRD42019131469].

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeart Lung and Circulation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Ablation index
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Contact force
  • Lesion size index
  • Radiofrequency ablation

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