Background: Keloids are characterized by an overabundance of collagen deposition due to elevated activity and proliferation of fibroblasts, which lead to hypoxic conditions. Adaptation to these conditions is regulated by the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). Cytoglobin (Cygb), a reactive oxygen species scavenger, is a target gene of HIF-1α. In our previous study, we showed that Cygb expression in keloid tissue was correlated with HIF-1α expression. However, whether HIF-1α regulates Cygb expression and the proliferation of keloid fibroblasts remained unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the role of HIF-1α in Cygb expression and fibroblast proliferation of keloids. Methods: This was an in vitro study using a primary culture of keloid fibroblasts in which ibuprofen was used to inhibit HIF-1α expression. The expression of HIF-1α and Cygb mRNA were analyzed using quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) methods, and their protein levels were analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fibroblast proliferation was analyzed using a Trypan blue exclusion assay. Results: Inhibition of HIF-1α by ibuprofen decreased Cygb mRNA expression but not in all the samples, followed by a decrease in the protein level of Cygb. There was a positive correlation between the HIF-1α protein and Cygb mRNA, probably due to the regulation of Cygb by HIF-1α at the mRNA level, but not the protein level. The proliferation of keloid fibroblasts was significantly decreased and positively correlated with the HIF-1α protein. Conclusion: HIF-1α regulates Cygb expression and fibroblast proliferation in keloids.
|Journal||Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|