Riwayat Hipertensi Keluarga Sebagai Faktor Dominan Hipertensi pada Remaja Kelas XI SMA Sejahtera 1 Depok Tahun 2017

Annisa Nursita Angesti, Triyanti, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutritional status changes, diet, and lifestyle are risk factors adolescent's hypertension. This study is a cross sectional research to determine the most dominant factor of hypertension among adolescents at SMA Sejahtera 1 Depok 2017. Collected data include blood pressure, nutritional status (BMI for age), intake nutrients (sodium, potassium, calcium, fat, fruits and vegetables consumption), lifestyle (sleep duration, stress, and physical activity), and adolescent characteristics (sex and family history of hypertension). Blood pressure was measured using mercury sphygmomanometer, nutritional status with anthropometry, nutrient intake with Semi Quantitative FFQ, lifestyle and characteristics with questionnaire. The study showed that 42.4% of adolescents had hypertension (‰¥95 percentile). Factors associated with hypertension were BMI for age and family history of hypertension. The most dominant factor associated with hypertension was family history of hypertension. Education on genetic related risk factors of hypertension such as genetic counseling through Health School Program was needed for prevent adolescent's hypertension, so that students with a family history of hypertension may be more concerned about other risk factors such as nutritional status.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)10-Jan
JournalBuletin Penelitian Kesehatan
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • adolescent,
  • family history of hypertension
  • hypertension

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