Risk factors of skin cancer among Indonesian population

Joedo Prihartono, Setyawati Budiningsih, Yoshiyuki Ohno, Mochtar Hamzah, Masamitsu Ichihashi, Evert Poetiray, Mpu Kanoko, Masato Ueda, Achmad Tjarta, Herman Cipto, Arman Mukhtar, Nobuo Munakata, Santoso Comain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A case-control study to identify risk factors on the development of skin cancer among Indonesian population has been conducted using 139 newly diagnosed skin cancer cases, and 242 matched controls selected among non-cancer patients of the Jakarta General < Hospital. The matching variables are age interval, sex, and social-economic status. Seventeen potential determinant factors were assessed: present body mass index, education, working condition, physical protection, genetic trait, smoking habit, exposure to smokers, hormonal drug, and consumption of nine food items. This study has identified seven significant risk factors: low education (OR=9.71), working in the open field (OR=5.29), under vjeight (OR-2.93), cancer history (OR=2.82), smoking (OR=2.04), exposure to smokers (OR=2.06), and high fat consumption (OR=4.47). This study also has identified eight significant protective factors: using long sleeve (OR=0.29), moderate consumption of meat (OR=0.17), moderate consumption of fat (OR=G.44), high and moderate consumption of egg (OR=0,05 and 0,19 respectively), high and moderate consumption of coconut milk (OR-0,44 and 0,24 respectively), high consumption of fruit (OR=0,29), high and moderate consumption of vegetable (OR= 0,54 and 0,34 respectively), and high consumption of garlic (OR=0.44). Further analysis using logistic regression method revealed those 6 factors, namely education, working outside, fat, meat, egg and fruit consumption have real effect on the development of skin cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-105
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Indonesia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2000


  • Case-control
  • Risk factor
  • Skin cancer


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