Risk factors of severe hypoglycemia among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatient clinic of tertiary hospital in Indonesia

Em Yunir, Antonius R.A. Nugraha, Martha Rosana, Juferdy Kurniawan, Eni Iswati, Angela Sarumpaet, Tri Juli Edi Tarigan, Dicky L. Tahapary

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Abstract

This study aimed to describe risk factors of severe hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in a tertiary care hospital in Indonesia. This study was a retrospective cohort study in the Endocrinology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. All subjects more than 18 years old who had been visiting the clinic for at least a year were included. Subjects were interviewed whether they had any severe hypoglycemia events within the past year, while data on risk factor variables of severe hypoglycemia was taken from medical records one year before data collection. We recruited 291 subjects, among whom 25.4% suffered at least one episode of severe hypoglycemia within one year. History of severe hypoglycemia (OR 5.864, p ≤ 0.001), eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2 (OR 1.976, p = 0.028), and insulin use (OR 2.257, p = 0.021) were associated with increased risk of severe hypoglycemia. In conclusion, history of previous severe hypoglycemia, eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2, and insulin use were associated with severe hypoglycemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16259
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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