Risk factors of gonorhea infection among indirect female sex workers (IFSW) in Indonesia 2015

Frans Landi, Nuning Maria Kiptiyah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of curable bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Indirect Female sex workers (IFSWs) are the key population to be affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In indonesia, little is known about Chlamydia infection in most at risk population. This study aimed to know the risk factors of gonorhea infection among IFSW in Indonesia 2015. Method: This research uses Cross Sectional study design. This study used secondary data based on the Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey (IBBS) 2015. The study population was 3,153 IFSWs who registered in the IBBS 2015 in 13 districs and cities Indonesia. The study sample was derived from an eligible population that met the inclusion criteria=813 responden. Results: The results show the prevalence of gonorrhea among IFSWs was 9,4%. Gonorhea infection is associated to Chlamydial infection (OR=4.29; 95%CI=3.124–5.891) and age (OR=1.52; 95%CI=1.104-2.096). Conclusion: IFSW who also suffer from chlamydial infection and are <28 years old are more at risk to gonorrhea infection. For this reason, IFSW infected with chlamydia and young people must be treated thoroughly and prioritize safe sex to avoid gonorrhea infection. Gonorrhea infections among IFSW warrant the need to strengthen intervention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1714-1718
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Indirect Female Sex Workers
  • Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey


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