Objective: To determine the possible risk factors for temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among amphetamine users in Indonesia. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 152 male amphetamine users, aged 18-45 years, who were undergoing rehabilitation. Data were obtained from medical records, questionnaires, and clinical examinations. Data obtained from medical records included age, gender, duration of amphetamine use, duration of rehabilitation, and psychiatric status. Collected data were analyzed using the Chi-square and logistic regression tests to identify correlations between TMD and bruxism, oral habits, tooth wear, duration of amphetamine abused, and duration of rehabilitation. Results: TMD was found in 84.2% of amphetamine users, with clicking being the most frequently reported sign (72.4%). Tooth wear (72.4%), oral habits (60.5%), and bruxism (56.6%) were also frequently found. Statistically, a significant association was found between TMD and bruxism (p<0.001), tooth wear (p<0.001), and oral habits (p<0.001). However, there was no association observed between TMD and duration of amphetamine abused (p=0.526), and duration of rehabilitation (p=0.679). Odds ratios produced by logistic regression for tooth wear, oral habits, and bruxism were 6.657, 6.2, and 1.659, respectively. Conclusion: Tooth wear, oral habits, and bruxism were identified as risk factors for TMD among amphetamine users in Indonesia.
|Journal||Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
- Drug users
- Oral health
- Temporomandibular joint disorders