Risk analysis of transesophageal echocardiography telemanipulator in catheterization laboratory

Indhika F. Warsito, Christina Pahl, Eko Supriyanto, Amiliana Mardiani Soesanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The use of conventional Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE) machine in Catheterization Laboratory (Cath Lab) remain few safety issues related to radiation and ergonomics. In order to solve these, TEE telemanipulator has been proposed. This has however other risks which may arise during the use of the machine including electrical, mechanical, and electromagnetic risks. In this paper, the risk analysis of TEE Telemanipulator in Cath Lab is discussed. This includes the hazard identification and risk level estimation. Electrical, mechanical, electromagnetic, radiation and operational hazards are identified. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is used to estimate the level of risk. Test result shows that the risk of TEE manipulator type II is lower compare to conventional TEE Machine and TEE manipulator type I.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Biology and Biomedical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Catheterization laboratory
  • Effect analysis
  • Failure mode
  • Risk analysis
  • Telemanipulator
  • Transesophageal echocardiography
  • X-ray radiation

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