Review of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing-Based Modulation Techniques for Light Fidelity

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Light Fidelity (LiFi) technology has gained attention and is growing rapidly today. Utilizing light as a propagation medium allows LiFi to promise a wider bandwidth than existing Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) technology and enables the implementation of cellular technology to improve bandwidth utilization. In addition, LiFi is very attractive because it can utilize lighting facilities consisting of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). A LiFi system that uses intensity modulation and direct detection requires the signal of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) to have a real and non-negative value; therefore, certain adjustments must be made. The proposed methods for generating unipolar signals vary from adding a direct current, clipping the signal, superposing several unipolar signals, and hybrid methods as in DC-biased optical (DCO)-OFDM, asymmetrically clipped optical (ACO)-OFDM, layered ACO (LACO)-OFDM, and asymmetrically clipped DC-biased optical (ADO)-OFDM, respectively. In this paper, we review and compare various modulation techniques to support the implementation of LiFi systems using commercial LEDs. The main objective is to obtain a modulation technique with good energy efficiency, efficient spectrum utilization, and low computational complexity so that it is easy for us to apply it in experiments on a laboratory scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalJournal of Low Power Electronics and Applications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • light fidelity
  • light-emitting diodes
  • modulation techniques
  • optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing-Based Modulation Techniques for Light Fidelity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this