Reported Prevalence and Nutritional Management of Functional Constipation among Young Children from Healthcare Professionals in Eight Countries across Asia, Europe and Latin America

Louise Naz West, Irina Zakharova, Koen Huysentruyt, Sze Yee Chong, Marion M. Aw, Andy Darma, Badriul Hegar, Ruey Terng Ng, Mohammed Hasosah, Erick Toro-Monjaraz, Merih Cetinkaya, Chung Mo Chow, Leilani Muhardi, Urszula Kudla, Dianne J.M. Delsing, Yvan Vandenplas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of functional constipation (FC) among children varies widely. A survey among healthcare professionals (HCPs) was conducted to better understand the HCP-reported prevalence and (nutritional) management of FC in children 12–36 months old. Methods: An anonymous e-survey using SurveyMonkey was disseminated via emails or WhatsApp among HCPs in eight countries/regions. Results: Data from 2199 respondents were analyzed. The majority of the respondents (65.9%) were from Russia, followed by other countries (Indonesia (11.0%), Malaysia (6.0%)), Mexico, KSA (5.1% (5.7%), Turkey (3.0%), Hong Kong (2.2%), Singapore (1.1%)). In total, 80% of the respondents (n = 1759) were pediatricians. The prevalence of FC in toddlers was reported at less than 5% by 43% of the respondents. Overall, 40% of the respondents reported using ROME IV criteria in > 70% of the cases to diagnose FC, while 11% never uses Rome IV. History of painful defecation and defecations < 2 x/week are the two most important criteria for diagnosing FC. In total, 33% of the respondents reported changing the standard formula to a specific nutritional solution, accompanied by parental reassurance. Conclusion: The most reported prevalence of FC in toddlers in this survey was less than five percent. ROME IV criteria are frequently used for establishing the diagnosis. Nutritional management is preferred over pharmacological treatment in managing FC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4067
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • functional constipation
  • healthcare professionals
  • nutritional management
  • prevalence
  • survey
  • toddler

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