Relationship of knowledge and attitude with food handling practices: A systematic review

Kholis Ernawati, Qatrrunnada Nadhifah, Anis Muslikha, Muhammad Hidayat, Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo, Fathul Jannah, Dini Widianti, Yusnita

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Foodborne disease is still a public health problem in several countries. Food handler's knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) are factors that are risk factors for foodborne disease incidence. The research objective was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of food handlers in maintaining food hygiene using a systematic review approach. The research method used is the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analyses (PRISMA) protocol approach. The article search process was accessed on PLOS ONE, Pro-Quest, and Google Scholar. A descriptive analysis was carried out on each research variable. The results obtained eight papers (100% sociodemography, 100% knowledge, 62.5% attitude, and 87.5% behavior). The mean of significant articles on sociodemographic variables was 18.5%, experience 59.38%, attitudes 13.33%, and 23.81%. There are 37.5% of the articles showed significant relationship between knowledge and attitude with food handling practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-347
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Clean water
  • Food handler
  • Food quality
  • Personal hygiene
  • Wash hand


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