Past research shows that self-perceived orthodontic treatment need has an important role in orthodontic treatment-seeking. Socioeconomic status is one of the factors that affects self-perceived orthodontic treatment need. A research on socioeconomic status has never been conducted in Indonesia. This study was conducted to determine whether socioeconomic is associated with self-perceived orthodontic treatment need among adolescents. Methods: A total of 85 students of SMAN 27 Jakarta aged 15–17 years were included in this cross-sectional study. Family Affluence Scale III questionnaire was used to assess their socioeconomic status and the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need – Aesthetic Component sheet was used to assess their self-perceived orthodontic treatment need. The majority of subjects from the low socioeconomic status group perceived that they have a definite need for orthodontic treatment. However, most of them from the middle socioeconomic status group perceived that they have borderline need for orthodontic treatment. Furthermore, 52.9% of subjects from the high socioeconomic status group perceived that they do not need orthodontic treatment. There was a statistically significant difference between socioeconomic status and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need among adolescents in Jakarta, which demonstrates an association the two variables.
|Number of pages
|Journal of International Dental and Medical Research
|Published - 2020
- Family Affluence Scale-III
- Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need – Aesthetic Component
- self-perceived orthodontic treatment need
- Socioeconomic status