Relationship between Quality of Life of People with Dementia and Their Caregivers in Indonesia

Martina Wiwie S. Nasrun, Profitasari Kusumaningrum, Petrin Redayani, Hasya Layalia Lahino, Fithriani Salma Mardhiyah, Amadeo D. Basfiansa, Nindya Nadila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Caregivers, as one of the most important roles in caring for a person with dementia, have a challenging task. Therefore, maintaining the quality of life (QoL) of caregivers is an integral part of dementia care. Objective: To explore the relationship between the QoL of people with dementia and their caregivers in Indonesia. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using binary correlations to analyze the relationship between people with dementia and caregivers' QoL. Conducted in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta, the subjects were 42 people diagnosed with dementia according to the PPDGJ-III (adapted from the ICD 10) and 42 primary caregivers with at least 6 hours duration of caregiving per day. The QoL of people with dementia was measured by EuroQol-5D and VAS EQ-5D, while severity of dementia was measured by MMSE. Caregivers underwent an interview using WHO Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) and NPI. Results: Most caregivers were women, aged 40-70 years old. The study found caregivers' QoL environmental domain strongly correlated with people with dementia's QoL (r = 0.839). Severity of dementia had a strong correlation with caregivers' QoL physical domain (r = 0.946). Age, duration of caregiving per day, period of care provided by caregivers, and caregiver's distress had a strong correlation with caregiver QoL for specific domains. Conclusion: There was a strong correlation between people with dementia's QoL and caregiver QoL, so in managing dementia, clinicians should consider caregivers' wellbeing as an essential part significantly affecting the quality of elderly care improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1311-1320
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Caregivers
  • dementia
  • Indonesia
  • quality of life


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