Relationship between parenting style and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on elementary school students at central Jakarta

Kevin Yonathan, Rinaldo Indra Rachman, Triana Hardianti Gunari, I. Gusti Nanda, Bernie Endyarni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of most common neurobehavioral chronic disorders in children. There are some contributing factors thought to influence the severity of ADHD symptoms appearing in children, including genetic and environment factors. Parenting style is suspected to be one of those contributing factors. The objective of this study is to find whether parenting style applied by parents is actually related with ADHD. Methods: A case control study was done involving 376 elementary students in SD Kenari 01, 03, 05 on school year 2015–2016 using 17-item Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) questionnaire given to parents to determine the parenting style used and Indonesian ADHD Rating Scale (IARS) questionnaire given to parents and teachers to assess the severity of ADHD symptoms appearing in children. Results: One hundred and eight (28,7%) elementary school students suffer from ADHD. Three hundred and fourteen (83,5%) parents apply authoritative parenting style to their children. There was no statistical correlation between parenting style and ADHD (p=0.464, chi square test). Conclusion: Parenting style is not related with ADHD on elementary students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6727-6728
Number of pages2
JournalAdvanced Science Letters
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • 17-item parenting styles and dimensions questionnaire
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Elementary students
  • Indonesian ADHD rating scale
  • Parenting style

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