Relationship Between Pain Perception and Anxiety Level During the Placement of Straight Wire Bracket Appliances

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Abstract

We aimed to understand patients’ pain perception based on the gender, age, and anxiety levels, with the time interval of 24 and 168 h after placement of straight wire bracket appliances. The anxiety levels and pain perception were measured in orthodontics patients at RSKGM FKG UI (20 female patients; age, 12–40 years and 20 male patients; age 12–40 years). The anxiety levels were measured once, i.e. before the placement of the straight wire bracket appliances using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaires. The pain perception was measured twice, i.e., at the time interval of 24 h and 168 h after the placement of straight wire bracket appliances using the visual analogue scale (VAS). No differences were found in the patient’s anxiety level who would undergo the orthodontic treatment, or in the pain perception between the two genders. However, differences in anxiety levels were observed at pretreatment and also the pain perception during the treatment using straight wire bracket appliances between the age groups. Orthodontic treatment was more sensitive at the age group of 20–40 years (young adults); however, no significant differences were observed between the male and female gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1440
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • age
  • anxiety levels
  • genders
  • pain
  • patients
  • Perception

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