Relationship between oral hygiene and the activity of dentinal caries after applying propolis fluoride on primary teeth

Andanali Rukhul Finisha, Risqa Rina Darwita, Iwany Amalliah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the efficacies of propolis fluoride in inhibiting caries activity and score plaque in dentinal caries surfaces of primary teeth. A total of 149 children aged 36-71 months were examined to obtain dentinal caries active surface and dental plaque scores. Subsequently, propolis fluoride was smeared on the active dentinal caries surface, and dental health education was provided to patients and family by a teacher regarding decreasing the dental plaque score. After one month, the plaque score was re-evaluated for dentinal caries surfaces. Significant differences were analyzed with a Wilcoxon Test, while the significant correlation between the efficacy of Propolis Fluoride in inhibiting caries activity and score plaque in dentinal caries surfaces were analyzed by Spearman's correlation. After propolis fluoride application in one-month evaluation showed that the mean score plaque in dentinal caries surfaces decreased significantly from 1.78 to 1.48 (p < 0.05), the baseline of 149 children had an active decay surface mean of 9 tooth surfaces. After one-month intervention with both tooth brushing and smeared Propolis Fluoride on the active dentinal caries surface the mean of active dentinal caries decreased significantly to 3 surfaces of active dentinal caries (p < 0.05), reflecting a mean where 71,5% of dentinal caries active surfaces were arrested/to be stop. Statistically, there was a significant positive correlation r = 0,17 between a decrease of score plaque in dentinal caries surfaces by tooth brushing to a good oral hygiene, reflected in dentinal caries surfaces by smearing propolis fluoride to be arrested/stop. The efficacy of propolis fluoride for dental caries treatment is better with good oral hygiene which is characterized by a low plaque score, reflecting a higher effect for a propolis fluoride smear on active dentinal caries surface to be arrested/ stop.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2018
EditorsPraswasti P.D.K. Wulan, Misri Gozan, Sotya Astutiningsih, Ghiska Ramahdita, Radon Dhelika, Prasetyanugraheni Kreshanti
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2019
Event3rd International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2018 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Aug 20188 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2092
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period6/08/188/08/18

Keywords

  • caries activity
  • caries arrested
  • oral hygiene
  • propolis fluoride

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  • Cite this

    Finisha, A. R., Darwita, R. R., & Amalliah, I. (2019). Relationship between oral hygiene and the activity of dentinal caries after applying propolis fluoride on primary teeth. In P. P. D. K. Wulan, M. Gozan, S. Astutiningsih, G. Ramahdita, R. Dhelika, & P. Kreshanti (Eds.), 3rd Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices: Proceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2018 [040016] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2092). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5096749