Relationship between diabetic foot ulcers profile and ankle brachial index score: A preliminary study

Heri Kristianto, Agung Waluyo, Dewi Gayatri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This research aims to analyze the relationship between diabetic foot ulcers profile and ankle brachial index (ABI) score. This quantitative research employed descriptive design with cross sectional method. 76 patients with diabetic foot ulcers were recruited purposively at three hospitals in Malang, Indonesia. The data collection includes patient characteristics; measurement of ABI score with foot Doppler device; measurements of granulation, necrosis, fibrin, and wound with the MowA. Data were analyzed using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests. Correlation test results show that ABI scores were significantly associated with granulation (p = 0.015; r = 0.278), necrosis (p = 0.000; r = −0.516), fibrin (p = 0.036; r = 0.240) and the extent of diabetic foot ulcers (p = 0.025; r = 0.258). Necrosis has a strong relationship with ABI scores among all profiles of diabetic foot ulcers. Negative direction means that increasing ABI scores will reduce necrosis tissue in diabetic foot ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S424-S427
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • ABI
  • Diabetic
  • Fibrin
  • Granulation
  • Necrosis
  • Wound

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